Patriots & People: Parisian Fashion 1789-1795

| No Comments
david_portrait_jean_baptiste_milhaud2.jpg
1793-94 Portrait of Jean-Baptiste Milhaud,
Deputy of the Convention

Jacques Louis David
Just as the 1770s saw Marie Antoinette celebrated France's naval prowesswith the famous ship pouf hair coiffeur, the revolution inspired, and even regulated, the fashions of the day. People enthusiastic for the Revolution and reform festooned themselves in tricolour ribbons, sashes and cockades. Women began dressing like greek goddesses, and men shorn their hair and forewent the poudré. The period of the Terror, things like fashion plates disappeared and Paris went artistically quiet (except for David, who was busy sending people to the guillotine in the Convention). When Robespierre fell there was a backlash against "virtue" and people put rings on their toes, danced in the streets, and beat eachother up with sticks.

Some Terms:

Incroyables et Merveilleuses: the Muscadins and Demi-mondaine are covered in their own post.

Sans-culottes: Also have their own post. In short, it means literally "without knee breeches"... in other words, not an aristo, as the working man wore trousers. Just like cooks today wear checkered pants, the artisans of the day typically wore a red and white striped trouser. This became the defacto uniform for the Sans-culotte, along with the Phrygian Cap, removed from the lofty spear of Liberté, and the tricolour cockade.

Le Tricoteuse (female knitters) were famous for sitting in the front row before the guillotine, knitting. Like the laundresses and fishwives, they were known for their volatility and zeal. Madame DeFarge from Dicken's "Tale of Two Cities" was a tricoteuse.


Source for all good things on the art of dress: Aileen Ribeiro (my hero!)

costumes01.jpg
From an article by Aileen Ribeiro
costumes02.jpg
From an article by Aileen Ribeiro
hoey_parisiennes1789.jpg
Parisiennes circa 1789
by Hoey
revolutionary-hats.jpg
1789, Early Patriotic Hats
egalite14.jpg
Théroigne de Méricourt
Françaises devenues libres 1789
hoey_promenade1790.jpg
Parisiennes circa 1790
by Hoey
marchande.journaux.jpg
plate05.jpg
1790 Fashion Plate
"Vêtue à la Constitution"
a fine cotton patterned with tiny tricolor bouquets, over which is worn a fichu.
ducreux_robe_a_la_anglais_1790.jpg
Robe à la Anglais
by Ducreux 1790
liberty_tree_1790.jpg
1790 Decorating the Liberty Tree
elegant1790.jpg
1790 Elegance
ideal-of-the-bourgeois.jpg
1790-ish Ideal of the Bourgeois
david_marquise_de_dorvilliers_1790.jpg
1790 The Marquise de D'Orvilliers
Jacques-Louis David
journallady1791.jpg
1791 Fashion Plate
donating_jewelry_to_the_pat.jpg
1791
Women Donating Their Jewels to the Patrie
lebrun_Hyacinthe_Gabrielle_Roland_1791.jpg
Hyacinth (Gabrielle Roland)
Vigée le Brun 1791
plate03.jpg
1792
Republican Dress
Fashion Plate Journal des Modes
journallady1792.jpg
1792 Fashion Plate
plate12.jpg
1792 Fashion Plate Journal des Modes
journal_de_la_mode_1792.jpg
1792 Fashion Plate
à l'égalité
theroigne01.jpg
1792 Théroigne de Méricourt took the equestrian/martial fashion to an extreme
plate04.jpg
1792 Journal des Modes Amazone looks suspiciously like Théroigne
tricoteuse1793.jpg
1793
le Tricoteuse
tricot02.jpg
1793
le Tricoteuse
david_self-portrait_1794.jpg
1794 Self Portrait from Prison after the Terror
Jacques-Louis David
Jeanbon_St__Andre_1795_portrait_by_Jacques-Louis_David.jpg
1795 Jeanbon St. Andre
Jacques-Louis David
david_monsieur_seriziat_1795.jpg
1795
Jacques-Louis David
Monsieur Sériziat
GERARD_Francois_Jean_Baptist_Isabey_Miniaturist_With_His_Daughter_1795.jpg
1795 Jean-Baptiste Isabey and His Daughter by Gerard
market_women.jpg
Market Women
vanda_revolutionary_supporter.jpg
Revolutionary Supporter
Victoria & Albert
vanda_femmes_militaire.jpg
Femmes Militaire
Victoria & Albert
egalite04.jpg
1791yoyo_fashionplate.jpg
1791
augustin_femme_et_tricolore_1790.jpg
Note the tricolore sash about her waist, 1790
directoire_representant_du_peuple.jpg
directoire representant du peuple
J'sommes_du_Tiers_Etat.jpg
J'sommes du Tiers Etat!
Les dames de la Halle de Paris vont complimenter la reine aux Tuilerie.jpg
Les dames de la Halle de Paris vont complimenter la reine aux Tuilerie

Leave a comment

Share |

About this Entry

This page contains a single entry by Kallisti published on July 19, 2007 7:25 AM.

Phrygian Caps & Tricolore Cockades was the previous entry in this blog.

Sans-culottes: Artisans of Paris is the next entry in this blog.

Find recent content on the main index or look in the archives to find all content.